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Rationalist and empiricist fictions in economics

  • Publication type: Journal article
  • Journal: Revue d’histoire de la pensée économique
    2018 – 1, n° 5
    . varia
  • Authors: Chottin (Marion), Pignol (Claire)
  • Abstract: The article shows how the general equilibrium theory has been build, since Walras, by inheriting Galileo’s and Descartes’s fictions of science, which Hobbes followed by the Physiocrats applied to the social world. The walrasian competitive market is a fiction similar to Galileo’s frictionless machine or to Descartes’s "fable" of the world. Those rationalist fictions can be criticized non from observation but through the empiricist fictions of the Enlightenment.
  • Pages: 99 to 137
  • ISBN: 978-2-406-08067-1
  • ISSN: 2496-4646
  • DOI: 10.15122/isbn.978-2-406-08068-8.p.0099
  • Publisher: Classiques Garnier
  • Journal: Journal of the History of Economic Thought, n° 5
  • Parution date: 06-08-2018
  • Last edition: 2018
  • Language: French
  • Keywords: General equilibrium, market, fiction, empiricism, rationalism

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