Un néologisme pris sur le vif : la bravitude
- Publication type: Journal article
- Journal: Neologica
2009, n° 3. Revue internationale de néologie
- Author: Arrivé (Michel)
- Abstract: The french neologism bravitude is one of those whose first occurrence can be most precisely determined; it was first used by Ségolène Royal on 6th january 2007 during a visit to the Great Wall of China. The article first investigates the relations between this bravitude and its homonym previously used in an internet video game, and then tackles the following questions :
1.Howcan the creation of the neologismbe explained? Why did ségolène royal opt to use the neological suffix -itude when she could have used not only bravour but also the less common braverie and braveté? this is likely to be subconscious morphological reasoning but none less real.
2.What can account for the large number of commentsmade on this neologismand the violently negative character of most of them? many critics use “neologism” as an equivalent of barbarism or faulty language usage, and the implications of this are considered. it would seem that language is often imagined as a closed inventory of changeless items.
3.The reception given to bravitude is contrasted to that which the neologisms courtesse d’idées, fatitude and héritation, made by male politicians. can the difference in reception be attributed to the gender of the speaker? finally, the possible effect of the neologism on the productivity of the suffix -itude is discussed.
- Pages: 67 to 77
- Last edition: 2009
- Journal: Neologica, n° 3
- ISBN: 978-2-8124-0084-1
- ISSN: 1965-2542
- DOI: 10.15122/isbn.978-2-8124-4229-2.p.0071
- Publisher: Classiques Garnier
- Parution date: 11-01-2009
- Periodicity: Annual
- Language: French